The war against cars will ultimately be won and that’s good for everyone. Cities around the world are taking on the automobile.

Author Mikael Colville-Andersen /

The mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, is among a number of city leaders around the world who are fighting back against the dominance of automobiles in order to make urban space better serve its residents. The French capital has struggled to get its high pollution levels under control for years — air pollution kills 48,000 people in France annually — and instead of taking symbolic measures, Hidalgo wants to transform the city to improve quality of life for everyone.

The mayor’s plan is ambitious and has faced backlash from automotive groups. She plans to double the number of bike paths in the city to reach 1,400 kilometres (870 miles) by 2020, ban all gas-powered cars by 2030, redesign major intersections to favor pedestrians, expand the city’s public transportation system — including a 200-kilometre (125-mile) expansion to Paris’ world-class metro system — and the closure of certain streets to vehicle traffic. It’s on that last point where the city recently experienced a setback.

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How The Humble Bicycle Can Save Our Cities

Mikael Colville-Andersen rides his bike everywhere in Copenhagen, but he would never introduce himself as a cyclist. “I’m just one of the 400,000 people riding a bike in this city because it makes our daily lives more effective,” he tells Fast Company.

The founder of Copenhagenize, a design studio that specializes in bike infrastructure, as well as several blogs about urban cycling, Colville-Andersen is well-versed in what makes a city good for cycling, and cycling good for cities. His new book, Copenhagenize: The Definitive Guide to Global Bicycle Urbanism, “is a way to bring it all together,” he says.

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SMART to Solano County

A new California State Rail Plan specifies just that, with Sonoma-Marin Area Rail Transit making its way from Novato to Fairfield-Suisun or near Vallejo then hooking into Capitol Corridor service. The 170-mile Capitol Corridor extends to Auburn and San Jose and links into other transit lines.

“At the state level they are now looking at SMART as a way for connecting communities and they are looking at how to connect SMART to the Capitol Corridor,” said Farhad Mansourian, SMART’s general manager. “They see SMART as part of an entire state system. That’s the significant part of this.”

In part, the state report reads: “Evaluate expansion of rail service from San Rafael, Sonoma, and Napa Counties to Solano County, considering rail service primarily on existing rail alignments with potential connections to the statewide network at Fairfield-Suisun or near Vallejo.”

SMART owns roughly 25 miles of track eastward adjacent to Highway 37 which would help make the connection referenced by the state. Trains would go east from the Ignacio Wye in Novato near Highway 37.

“Going east presents an interesting opportunity,” said Bill Gamlen, SMART’s chief engineer, who would be tasked with figuring out how to get it done.

The rail agency is not sitting idle. SMART has applied for an $836,000 state planning grant to look at the feasibility of sending trains eastward.

“We are very excited to go north, but also start looking to connect east,” Mansourian said. “We see this as a tremendous opportunity that the state has provided us.”

The line wouldn’t be built for some time. It would be 2040 before the connection from Marin and Napa counties to the state network at a Solano County hub would be built.

The plan also calls for half-hourly peak and hourly off peak service between Cloverdale and Larkspur corridor with express bus connections from San Rafael to San Francisco and Richmond by 2040.

Plans to go east could be upset by sea level rise. The report notes SMART’s line San Rafael to Petaluma and its line parallel to Highway 37 are at risk.

The rail plan assesses funding and notes the new state gas tax — which went into place last week — as a funding source along with California’s Cap-and-Trade program for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Locally, Marin and Bay Area residents will likely be asked to approve a toll hike for state-owned bridges, including the Richmond-San Rafael, in 2018. If approved, it could provide money for rail in the region. If the toll increase — known as Regional Measure 3 — gets on the June 2018 ballot and is approved, a $3 toll increase would raise $381 million annually. A toll increase could also be phased.

The rail report sees a bright future for trains in the state.

“The creation of a railroad network in California in the 19th century connected us to the rest of the nation with what was then the highest-speed form of transportation,” the report says. “Continued rail investments in the 20th century helped California’s rapid economic development. For the 21st century, California is again poised to put ‘high speed’ back in rail.

“By 2040, Californians will have access to an integrated, state-of-the-art rail system that will revolutionize personal mobility and enhance quality of life.”

Reach the author at mprado@marinij.com or follow Mark on Twitter: @MarkPradoIJ.

A Seven-train Trip

By Rick Coates

On January 2nd and 3rd I took a seven-train trip on the San Francisco Bay peninsula, the California Central Valley and the Sacramento Valley.  This was not a tourist jaunt but rather a deliberate investigative project to determine what improvements need to be made to encourage travel by transit.  It was an eye-opener.

The trains that I took were, in order of use, Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), CalTrain, the Altemont Commuter Express (ACE), the AMTRAK San Joaquin, the Sacramento Regional Transit (SRT) Gold Line, the AMTRAK Capitol Corridor, BART again and the Sonoma Marin Area Rail Transit (SMART).  A few bus trips and a ferry ride helped connect these segments.

Because my wife was taking a plane to Montana, we took the Airport Express bus from the Santa Rosa’s Charles M. Schultz Sonoma County Airport to the San Francisco International Airport.  After bidding my wife goodbye, I boarded BART at its airport station using my convenient Clipper Card®  to log the fare.

According to BART’s on-line map I could make connection with CalTrain at either Milbrae or San Bruno.  But the southbound line to Milbrae did not operate midday.  So I took BART to San Bruno.

But the San Bruno Caltrain station was not actually at the BART station.  I had a choice. I could wait for the next BART train to Milbrae, wait for a bus to the Caltrain Station or hail a cab.  Rather than wait, I opted to walk the four very long blocks to Caltrain. Clearly BART has not arranged its schedule for the convenience of the traveler.  This is a fundamental problem.

After a short wait for the CalTrain, I once again was able to use my Clipper Card®  to Board the train.  Onboard I discovered that I could not charge my smart phone and there were no restrooms.  And once again I had connection problems, this time with ACE.  The route from San Bruno to Santa Clara was not abnormally ugly.  It was normally ugly.  There were few trees.  Much of the blight was auto-related: parking lots, auto repair shops, muffler shops, auto dismantlers, tow services, transmission shops, tire dealers and fields where old tires go to die.

According to both CalTrain’s and ACE’s website, they shared common stations at Santa Clara and San Jose Diridon.  This is true but with one hitch.  There is no ticket machine for ACE at either station nor does ACE honor Clipper Cards.  Nor were there restrooms at the Santa Clara Station.  I ended up traveling to the San Jose Diridon Station by local bus.  The Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) bus driver at the station was especially helpful suggesting the fastest most direct route.

As I mentioned, there was no ACE ticket machine at San Jose and ACE did not use the Clipper Card® (although there are future plans to implement it.)  In desperation I inquired at the AMTRAK window (CalTrain connects with AMTRAK at the San Jose Diridon Station), and discovered that they sold ACE tickets.  How one would know is a mystery.  There were no signs anywhere indicating the option.  At least they had restrooms.

San Jose Diridon is a true transit center.  It serves CanTrain, Capitol Corridor, Amtrak long-distance lines, VTA streetcar lines and multiple bus lines including Monterey-Salinas Transit, VTA and Greyhound.

Unfortunately, as a commuter train, ACE has very few morning trains to Fresno.  So I had to wait for an afternoon train. At long last I boarded the ACE train to Stockton, special ticket in hand. Because the train started so late in the afternoon, the last portion of the ride was in the dark with no scenery to see. But the first half of the ride was quite beautiful: bayside views, marshes with birds and rolling oak-studded hills.  Fortunately the ACE train did have phone charging outlets and it did have restrooms.  It was a pleasant, comfortable ride to the Stockton Station which serves both Amtrak San Joaquin and ACE .  I stayed overnight in Stockton at the University Plaza Waterfront Hotel adjacent to the beautiful McLeod Lake and Weber Point Park.  The comfortable hotel provided a convenient shuttle from the station.  They did not, however, provide complementary bicycles to ride around the plaza and park.

After breakfast the next morning, I boarded the Amtrak San Joaquin to Sacramento.  Another nice ride with mostly great scenery.  Amtrak California  is financed by the State rather than the federal government which is why this train is not underfunded.

I arrived refreshed early enough in the morning to  to catch the Sacramento Gold Line light rail to Rancho Cordova.  The Sunrise Station is a short walk from three hotels and a multi-use path extends from there to the American River.

If I had brought a bicycle which was allowed on all the trains, I could have ridden the American River trail west back to the Sacramento Amtrak station or east to Folsom.

The El Dorado trail is being expanded toward Folsom.  When it reaches Folsom, cyclists will be able to ride an off-road path all the way from Sacramento to Placerville in the gold country.

Instead of biking, I rode the Gold Line back to Sacramento Amtrak where I boarded the Amtrak Capitol Corridor traveling south to Richmond.  This is a scenic ride through Sacramento Valley farms, along the San Joaquin River, and along the San Pablo Bay.  One of the highlights of this trip is the crossing of the Carquinez Strait on a 5620 foot long Benicia-Martinez drawbridge completed in 1930.  It is the second longest bridge in the U.S. and is 70 feet above the water.

The route runs parallel to the shore line of the Strait and the San Pablo Bay.

At Richmond, I transferred to BART light rail which alternates between aerial and underground segments with stations in Berkeley and downtown San Francisco.

To get from the east side of the Bay to San Francisco, trains travel beneath the San Francisco Bay via the Transbay Tube.  BART is often crowded and exceedingly noisy.  Bring your earbuds to drown out the screeching wheels.  New BART trains will soon be in service which, we hope, will solve these problems.

BART’s Embarcadero Station is but a short walk to the Golden Gate Ferry terminal.

I took the ferry across the beautiful San Francisco Bay with full views of the Bay Bridge, the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge and the iconic Golden Gate Bridge.  I landed at the Larkspur Ferry Terminal which will eventually be served by the new SMART train.  This segment of SMART from Larkspur to San Rafael is currently under construction so Golden Gate Bus 31 provides free shuttle service to the present San Rafael SMART station.

The SMART train was the best ride of the entire trip: fast, comfortable, equipped with snack bar, wi-fi, and restroom.  It traverses beautiful estuaries with many varieties of birds, along the Petaluma River, through vineyards and rolling oak-covered hills.  The route presently ends at the Airport Blvd. Station just north of Santa Rosa.  There is a shuttle to the Airport where we originated our trip.

The trip was mostly enjoyable but frequently aggravating.  The limited connectivity, the long wait times and consistent lack of trains would discourage most travelers.  Hopefully these problems will be solved in the next few years.